Britain's biggest warship – HMS Queen Elizabeth aircraft carrier integrated full electric propulsion
Dr Makhlouf Benatmane Marine navy solutions leader GE Power Conversion UK
HMS Queen Elizabeth aircraft carrier (QNLZ) – procured by the UK Ministry of Defence for the Royal Navy – is the first aircraft carrier in the world to utilize integrated full electric power and propulsion system IFEP. It presented a step change in size and complexity. This paper will present the merits of IFEP, QNLZ large equipment descriptions, methods and processes adopted from early design phases, through testing and trials undertaken to ensure all equipment is set to work in a safe and efficient manner to gain acceptance and deliver the required capability to the Royal Navy.
AIDAperla 10MWh battery retrofit during operation
Sebastian Sala Head of innovation and energy management Carnival Maritime Germany
Jan-Erik Räsänen Head of new technologies Foreship Ltd Finland
The presentation will provide a status update on the 10MWh battery energy storage system retrofit project on AIDAperla. It will include a review of the project drivers, selected design, implementation schedule and lessons learned from installation. It will also discuss the project goals: major battery retrofit during normal operations, hybrid operation (in port and at sea), battery-only operation (in port and at sea), reduction of emissions in coastal areas, increased safety and redundancy, fuel efficiency from optimal engine loads, and gaining experience of the optimal operating modes with battery.
M/V Paolo Topic – the very first hybrid solar bulk carrier
Jure Rogelja Technical superintendent Marfin Management SAM Monaco
Ultramax M/V Paolo Topic is the first hybrid solar bulk carrier in the world. The vessel has been retrofitted with an innovative system that integrates engines, batteries and solar panels, controlled by a dedicated energy management system (EMS). This project is the result of a cooperation between shipowner Marfin, PV provider Solbian and technology group Wärtsilä, supplier of batteries and EMS. PVs have been installed on a special removable structure on the decks, ensuring trouble-free operations. The Wärtsilä system is included in an easy-to-install ISO container. The system is expected to improve efficiency while reducing emissions and maintenance costs.
Electrification of a fishing boat: before-and-after emissions study
Dr Sue Molloy President Glas Ocean Electric Canada
Glas Ocean Electric has worked with Transport Canada, SPBES, Canadian Maritime Engineering and others to complete a study on the impact of electrifying a fishing boat on air emissions, noise emissions and power use in normal operation. The boat was converted to Transport Canada Safety's highest standards and the results are representative of a 'typical' day-tripping fishing boat in Atlantic Canada. The presentation will include discussion of the dramatic drop in hydrocarbon emissions and underwater noise as well as detailing the process for converting a boat to these standards.
Vessel case studies
After theory, first results on real wind hybrid propulsion
Frank Nieuwenhuis CEO eConowind Netherlands
In January 2020, the first fixed installation of two Ventifoils will be carried out on the MS Ankie of Jan van Dam Shipping. The presentation will discuss the working principles of the Ventifoils, the installation process on the vessel and the results of the first months of sailing during the different voyages of the Ankie. Forces generated and fuel reduction will be discussed, along with the influence on normal operations.
The road to zero-emission shipping
Geir Odland Director business development NCE Maritime CleanTech Norway
Both the EU and the shipping industry see hydrogen as a key contributor in the work to mitigate climate change. NCE Maritime CleanTech is involved in several initiatives to improve the readiness of hydrogen-powered waterborne transport. This includes two EU projects: FLAGSHIPS – developing a hydrogen ferry and a hydrogen push boat; and SHIPFC – installing the world’s first high-power ammonia fuel cell on board offshore vessel Viking Lady. The cluster is also involved in a project that aims to create a complete value chain for green hydrogen in Norway by 2024.
Hydrogen-powered inland vessel
Fokke van der Veen Director of operations Future Proof Shipping BV Netherlands
Future Proof Shipping BV is developing a zero-emissions (green) hydrogen-powered inland vessel that will carry container cargo between the Netherlands and Belgium. We will retrofit an existing inland 110m vessel with fuel cells, a battery, hydrogen storage and an electric drivetrain after removing the internal combustion engine. Through this, we want to demonstrate the commercial and technical feasibility of retrofitting a zero-emissions propulsion system on board an inland vessel.
Accelerating electrification of marine transport
Carolina Escudero Business development manager Vattenfall Network Solutions UK
One of the options available for ferry operators to accelerate their electrification ambitions is to consider a power-as-a-service model. This allows ferry operators to concentrate on their core business of ferry operation, leaving the development, maintenance and funding of charging infrastructure and supply to experienced operators of power grids. This presentation will use the case study of the (E/S Movitz) implementation in Stockholm to demonstrate how this approach, a collaboration between Echandia Marine and Vattenfall Network Solutions, accelerated the project.
Implementation of Ship Hybridisation – A tool to optimise propulsion systems
Dr Henk Polinder Associate professor TU Delft Netherlands
Udai Shipurkar Post doctoral researcher TU Delft Netherlands
The focus of this paper is the development of a methodology/tool to choose the powertrain components of optimum power rating and technology for a hybrid vessel in order to reduce its CO2 emissions. This development is taking place as part of the European project – ISHY. The paper proposes a multi-level optimisation structure with three distinct design levels – determining the topology, determining the component technology and dimensioning, and designing the control algorithm. It also highlights the challenges and opportunities for such an optimisation tool.
Selecting power and propulsion solutions through application data analysis
Paul Simavari Development manger, hybrid marine Europe BAE Systems UK
Data analysis of the specific application is key to selecting the right equipment for an electric hybrid vessel regardless of the power node or hybrid elements. Data analysis ensures the longest-possible ESS life, system capability for providing power during charge and operation, and delivers on system expectations for propulsion power and auxiliary loadings both in full EV mode and hybrid operations. Data analysis sets up the power and propulsion solutions vessel personality to make sure that it operates in the most efficient state regardless of demands. This presentation will demonstrate the advantages of data analysis for product selection.
Marine hybrid control systems and software: understanding the key elements
Erno Tenhunen Marine director Danfoss Editron Finland
Hybridization is revolutionizing the marine industry and directly impacting global energy consumption. To further enhance the potential of hybrid systems, market leaders must maintain their focus on control systems and software. Traditional ways of implementing automation systems are proving too inflexible to harness the full capabilities of sophisticated hybrid powerplants. Ensuring the modularity and configurability of control systems is crucial in ensuring the optimal use of hybrid powerplants and adapting to the vessels’ operating profiles. Danfoss Editron will share its expertise in marine electrification to help key players harness the power of hybridization.
Marine power quality in the 21st century – the reality
Ian C Evans Principal electrical engineer Harmonic Solutions Marine, a division of Sentinel Power Quality Group FZE United Arab Emirates
The current standards and classification society rules for marine power quality and EMC are largely based in the last century. For the safe and successful operation of electric and hybrid vessels, including those vessels in service today, new standards and rules must provide practical and meaningful guidance. The presentation will describe some of the more serious marine power quality issues of today. It will provide examples of where and why things went wrong and discuss the consequences. It will also suggest how to resolve these marine power quality issues retrospectively and, more importantly, how to prevent them in the future.
Troubleshooting the CANbus for hybrid electric marine systems
Dr Chris Quigley Director Warwick Control Technologies UK
Hybrid electric marine systems contain many electronic control components linked by a controller area network (CAN) in a bus network topology. Testing the network appropriately can help uncover problems caused by bad CAN system design or electrical component aging. These problems can be latent faults, requiring only one component failure to cause total system failure. Methods including fault insertion testing and close examination of the CANbus electrical signal will be discussed to show the benefits of such in-depth inspection. A case study from an actual hybrid electric drive system on a yacht will be presented.
Two-stroke-engine-based hybrid energy system
Markus Wenig Simulation expert WinGD Switzerland
A hybrid energy system with two-stroke engines has multiple advantages. While consistently operating at its optimal point and being the most efficient energy producer on board, the two-stroke engine combined with a PTI/PTO and electrical energy storage devices, interacting through a smart energy management system, contributes to a reduction in operating cost and emissions. In this presentation, we will give an insight into the gains possible by intelligently balancing the energy demand and supply. The challenges when designing such a system and how WinGD deals with them will also be discussed.
MBSE, CHIL and making ship electric power work
Matt Baker Director microgrids and critical power Typhoon HIL USA
Mechanically speaking, no modern ship is designed, tested and built without 3D CADCAM. However, the same cannot be said of the digital control and electric power systems and the loads they serve aboard vessels today. Controller hardware in the loop (CHIL) testbeds are required to close this gap today and provide the foundation for lifecycle engineering and the digital twin of tomorrow.
Building ships that make the necessary change
Asbjørn Halsebakke Product and Engineering Manager Yaskawa Environmental Energy / The Switch Norway
This presentation will show how it is possible to build a ship today that fulfills current regulations as well as likely future environmental changes. Using power distribution blocks around an innovative DC-Hub, electronic bus link breaker and electronic DC breaker, ships can switch from AC to DC for better fuel and cost savings. This offers unrivaled reliability and flexibility to run on any future power source.
Modeling, simulation and testing
Open Simulation Platform for the design of maritime hybrid systems
Kristine Bruun Ludvigsen Principal engineer DNV GL AS Norway
Dr Kevin Koosup Yum Research scientist Sintef Ocean Norway
The Open Simulation Platform will create the foundation for an ecosystem where the maritime industry can perform co-simulation and share simulation models in an efficient and secure way to facilitate the building of digital twin systems and vessels. Such ecosystems will be used to solve challenges with designing, building, integrating, commissioning and operating complex, integrated systems. One of the use cases in the joint industry project that will end in June 2020 demonstrates the use of this platform for the design of a hybrid ferry. This session will include a presentation of the OSP with a focus on simulation tools for hybrid system design.
Modeling and simulation of multiple-power-source hybrid vessels
Rodolfo Puraca Researcher Universidade de São Paulo Brazil
We develop numerical models and perform simulations of hybrid propulsion systems for vessels containing dual-fuel combustion engines, electric motors, batteries and fuel cell systems. The hybrid power system models are integrated into the maritime mission simulator developed at the University of São Paulo. The system can be run in real time, with a complete interface with a pilot, or automatically, with pre-defined mission, weather and sea conditions, and pilot inputs. We validate the model with data from existing real systems, and propose and test optimized solutions for hybrid power architecture and supervisory control.
New azimuth thruster system with cooperating dual motor
Whang Cho Full professor Kwangwoon University Korea
A new technology in azimuth thruster systems powered by dual motor is proposed. The technology demonstrates the practicality and feasibility of employing two motors with the same capacity in cooperatively driving both the propeller and pod, simultaneously. The practicality of the technology is addressed, focusing on energy efficiency, system reliability and fault tolerance in comparison with conventional azimuth thruster systems like Z-drive, L-drive and podded systems. The feasibility of this new technology is verified through the point of view of extensive simulations from two-inputs and two-outputs control systems.
Simplifying motor testing and characterization
René Bastiaanssen Business development manager HBM Test and Measurement Netherlands
During this session we will go into the question of how to simplify advanced testing tasks related to electric/hybrid propulsion systems. Beyond pure power and efficiency measurements, we will discuss analysis topics like NVH, DQ0, space vector, torque ripple, back EMF, dynamic power measurements and correlating vibration and electric drive test data. Furthermore, we will discuss how to handle the testing of drives with voltages >1,000V, more than three phases or multiple motors/generators (a common sight in the maritime industry).
How batteries are unlocking the future of marine electrification
Allan Grant Executive vice president Lavle USA
Short-range vessels such as ferries and tugboats are among the largest greenhouse gas contributors in the transportation system. The global marine transportation industry needs to undergo a fundamental change in order to increase efficiency, reduce fuel and maintenance costs, and lower emissions. Conventional lithium-ion storage technologies just won’t cut it – that’s where advancements in battery technology and energy storage systems come in. The presentation will explore the current state of marine electrification, what is lacking, and how innovations in battery technology are paving the way to a more sustainable future for the marine industry and beyond.
Decentralized ship energy system with fuel cells and energy storage
Lukas Kistner Researcher Institute for Electrical Energy Systems, Leibniz Universität Hannover Germany
Ship energy systems with higher efficiency and fewer pollutant emissions are vital to meet upcoming stricter climate protection targets. Therefore, we focus on a decentralized approach for the electric power supply, containing modular fuel cells (SOFC) with LNG reformer plants and hybrid energy storage composed of Li-ion batteries and supercapacitors. The economically optimal dimensioning and positioning of the aggregates is conducted and compared regarding three different levels of detail and presented for a real-life case study, taking into account a highly dynamic energy demand while fulfilling voltage quality requirements and smooth operation of the fuel cells.
Fuel cell solutions for marine application
Jesper Themsen President and CEO Ballard Power Systems Denmark
With future regulations on the horizon, port authorities and ship owners/operators are looking at alternative propulsion to reduce emissions. Fuel cell technology provides an attractive zero-emission solution to generate electricity on board using hydrogen as a fuel. Fuel cell systems are scalable from 100kW to MW, providing high-efficiency, quiet power generation. Several pilot projects are on the way to demonstrate the marine application of this proven technology. This presentation will review the fuel cell value proposition for marine applications, product design considerations, Ballard marine projects as well as opportunities and challenges for the adoption of fuel cells.
Battery fire safety for lithium-ion battery systems
Sverre Eriksen Senior principal engineer DNV GL Norway
The presentation will address the fire and explosion safety of battery installations on board ships. Fire integrity, fire detection and fire extinguishing in addition to explosion protection and ventilation will be covered. The presentation will reference specific requirements given in the DNV GL class rules for electrical energy storage installations.
Hybrid propulsion of inland waterway passenger ships – class approach
Marek Narewski Technical specialist Polish Register of Shipping Poland
Hybrid propulsion of ships requires the use of alternative fuels. Relevant ship systems must be designed to guarantee the expected ship safety level. The key issues are alternative fuel storage and fuel supply for ship propulsion. The use of compressed hydrogen or methane demands complex design analysis and is critical from a safety point of view. The results of a short engineering analysis are presented with some guidance on ship design based on a shallow-water inland waterways passenger ship project that required the introduction of novel and safe solutions in the ship design. The safety approach priority is crucial in the certification process conducted by class societies.
European Interreg 2 Seas project – Implementation of Ship HYbridization (ISHY)
Graeme Hawksley Managing director Hybrid Marine Ltd UK
This ambitious €16m project has 15 partners consisting of universities and companies active in hybridization. The aim is to develop tools and business models for the implementation of hybrid and hydrogen fuel cell technologies in vessels and ports. Four vessels will be fitted with hybrid/hydrogen technologies and an H2-bunkering station for vessels will be built at the port of Ostend. Now at the midway point, in the summer of 2020, this presentation will provide an update on progress so far. Challenges encountered will be presented together with a discussion on the next stages of the project.
Safe and effective application of ammonia as a marine fuel
Niels de Vries Lead naval architect C‑Job Naval Architects Netherlands
Niels de Vries, lead naval architect at C-Job Naval Architects, won the Maritime Designer Award 2019 for his research on the safe and effective application of ammonia as a marine fuel. His research showed that in the long term the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell is the best option as it is the most efficient, but currently has practical challenges which in time may be overcome. However, a three step plan could see step one as, ammonia and marine diesel in an (Compression Ignition) Internal Combustion Engine (ICE). The second stage would be an ICE using ammonia hydrogen mixtures and then the third and final stage an SOFC using ammonia. In this presentation Niels will outline the essential details of how to achieve the ultimate goal.
Will hydrogen become a must-have marine fuel?
Hydrogen-energy technologies – maturing thanks to road transportation applications – have reached a first level of cost competitiveness, qualifying them for demonstration projects in waterborne applications. If their intrinsic limitations (e.g. energy density) cast doubts on their ability to constitute a radical alternative to existing fuels, the question of the precise role they could play in the sector is at stake. This role is also likely to be influenced by local characteristics and tax regulations. Through the experience of MARANDA and Flagships, this discussion will offer a few insights to guide those considering hydrogen and fuel cells for investment.
Fokke van der Veen Director of operations Future Proof Shipping BV Netherlands
Madadh MacLaine CEO Zero Emissions Maritime Technology UK
Allan Grant Executive vice president Lavle USA
Niels de Vries Lead naval architect C‑Job Naval Architects Netherlands
Moderator: Laurence Grand-Clement, CEO, Persee
Port infrastructure & Charging
Onshore power supply – options for safe and sustainable deployment of OPS
Ricardo Batista Senior naval architect European Maritime Safety Agency Portugal
The presentation will discuss technical and operational guidance to ports for the development and implementation of OPS systems in ports; feasibility analysis of different-scale OPS installations; business model elements for OPS development; risk assessment for OPS installations and operations; fast charging and induction energy supply for shipborne battery systems.
Alternative fuels for shipping
Jan Egbertsen Manager innovation Port of Amsterdam Netherlands
The presentation will discuss two international projects that Port of Amsterdam is involved in: use of green maritime methanol and use of H2 as a clean shipping fuel. It will outline the challenges we face in these two projects regarding the development of ships, and also the development of supply chain and bunkering facilities in seaports.
Sustainable transportation and electrical grid integration: the future challenge
Roberto Bernacchi Global product manager ABB Italy
Although electrification has been standard practice in the rail sector for decades, e-mobility pertaining to road transportation has only relatively recently become popular, with extensive charging points being deployed to serve electric cars, buses and even trucks. Maritime transport will surely be the next sector, with e-vessels already a reality in short sea shipping. But what will happen when deep-sea vessels start to have large batteries on board? Where do we charge such large battery packs? What solutions are available for smooth integration of e-mobility in the electrical grid?
Automated shore-to-ship power supply: differing approaches for different terminal layouts
Rainer Altmeppen Segment leader port and maritime Stemmann-Technik GmbH Germany
This presentation will explore the different approaches for shore-to-ship power supply for 0.5-11MW for differing ferry types. It will illustrate solutions by presenting case studies of actual installations.
Electrification of ships – the landside infrastructure
Alex Ruijs Senior consultant Royal HaskoningDHV Netherlands
This presentation will investigate the impact that the electrification of ships could have on the energy infrastructure within a port. Areas of consideration will be whether existing shore power systems will need upgrading or whether new fast-charging systems will need to be developed in the future. The presentation will then explore the significant impact this could have on ports, as well as the operations and availability of space within. Similarly, new modular power systems with standardized energy containers come with their own challenges for ports, such as availability of space as well as ensuring that the containers can be recharged with the correct energy carrier. All of this while also taking into account the associated costs and the challenge of keeping these to a minimum.
Wireless power transfer for battery charging
Dr Peter van Duijsen Researcher TU Delft Netherlands
This presentation discusses the technical details behind wireless power transfer and gives practical examples of inverter/coil design.
Water and electricity do match! Wireless charging technology
Victor Hoynck van Papendrecht CEO IPT Technology GmbH Germany
One of the main challenges for any electric vessel is how to charge safely and quickly without delays. This presentation will explain why wireless is the perfect charging solution for electric ships.
Please note: this conference program may be subject to change